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Additional research articles are available in NRMCA's Members-Only Section.


"Relating the Electrical Resistance of Fresh Concrete to Mixture Proportions” (PDF)
Advanced Civil Engineering Materials, V. 7, No. 1, 2018


"ENGINEERING: Specifying for Performance" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, October 2017

Evaluation of ASTM Standard Practice on Measuring the Electrical Resistance of Fresh Concrete (PDF) September


“Green Building with Concrete”
Chapter 7, Second Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 25 pp.


Evaluation of Chloride Limits for Reinforced Concrete Phase A” (PDF)
NRMCA, Silver Spring, MD, July 2017


“Should Minimum Cementitious Contents for concrete be Specified?” (PDF)
Transportation Research Record
, Journal of the TRB, V. 2629, 2017


“Criteria for Selecting Mixtures Resistant to Physical Salt Attack” (PDF)
ACI SP-317-7, 2017


“Criteria for Selecting Mixtures Resistant to Chemical Salt Attack” (PDF)
ACI SP-317-1, 2017


“From Research to Reality–Can we Implement Performance Specifications” (PDF)
Concrete International, ACI, V. 39, No. 1, 2017


“Criteria for Freeze-Thaw Resistant Concrete Mixtures” (PDF)
Advanced Civil Engineering Materials, V. 5, No. 2, 2016


“Tests and Criteria for Concrete Resistant to Chloride Ion Penetration” (PDF)
ACI Materials Journal, V. 113, No. 5, Sep-Oct 2016


Optimizing Concrete Mixtures for Performance and Sustainability (PDF)
NRMCA, Silver Spring, MD, January 2015


“Prescriptive Specifications - A Reality Check” (PDF)
Concrete International, ACI, V. 37, No. 8, 2015


An Evaluation of Performance-Based Alternatives to the Durability Provisions of the ACI 318 Building Code (PDF)
NRMCA, Silver Spring, MD, January 2015


“Maturity-based Field Strength Predictions of Sustainable Concrete Using High-Volume Fly Ash as Supplementary Cementitious Material” (PDF) ASCE, V. 27, No. 5, 2015


2014 NRMCA Quality Benchmarking Survey (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2015


“The new NRMCA Producer Quality Certification Program” (PDF)
Concrete International, V. 35, No. 12, 2014


“Sustainable Concrete: The Role of Performance-based Specifications,”
Structures Congress 2013, ASCE


“Viscosity Modifiers to Enhance Concrete Performance” (PDF)
ACI Materials Journal, V. 110, No. 5, Sep-Oct 2013


2012 NRMCA Supplementary Cementitious Materials Use Survey (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2012


Greatly Increased Use of Fly Ash in Hydraulic Cement Concrete (HCC) for Pavement Layers and Transportation Structures (PDF)
NRMCA, Silver Spring, MD, March 2012


“2010 NRMCA Quality Benchmarking Survey,”
Concrete InFocus, Jan/Feb 2011



 “Concrete Q & A: Does Crushed Concrete Aggregate Meet Building Code and Specification Requirements?” (PDF)
Concrete International, ACI, V. 32, No. 8, 2010


“Performance-Based Specifications for Concrete to Advance Sustainable Development” (PDF)
ACI SP 269, 2010


Sustainable Concrete Through Reuse of Crushed Returned Concrete (PDF)
Transportation Research Record, No. 2113

Pervious ConcreteAn Overview (PDF)
The Indian Concrete Journal, August 2010

Impact of Project Specifications on Sustainable Development (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, September/October 2010

Concrete Then and Now–Has Much Changed? (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, March/April 2010

What Do We Mean by Performance Specifications? (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, January/February 2010



“Pervious Concrete Tests and Acceptance Criteria for Projects”
Concrete InFocus
, Nov/Dec 2009


“Sustainable Concrete through Reuse of Crushed Returned Concrete” (PDF)
Transportation Research Record, Journal of the TRB, V. 2114, 2009


Proficiency of Strength Testing (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, September/October 2009

Sampling for Correct Decisions (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, July/August 2009

Evaluation of SCC Formwork Pressure (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, July/August 2009

Concrete’s Contribution to LEED® 2009 (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, May/June 2009

What is Green Concrete? (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, May/June 2009

Pervious Concrete Performance in Freeze-Thaw Environments (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, March/April 2009

Risk and Responsibility in Performance Specifications (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, March/April 2009

Changes to Concrete Mixtures and Submittals During a Project (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, January/February 2009

New Technology-Based Approach to Advance Higher Volume Fly Ash Concrete with Acceptable Performance (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, January/February 2009



Guide for the Construction Team - New Technology-Based Approach to Advance Higher Volume Fly Ash Concrete With Acceptable Performance (PDF)
NRMCA, Silver Spring, MD, August 2008


Environmental and Cost Benefits of High Albedo Concrete (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, September/October 2008

New Technology-Based Approach to Advance Higher Volume Fly Ash Concrete with Acceptable Performance – Guide for the Construction Team (PDF)
October 2008  (Guide Issue Date)

New Technology-Based Approach to Advance Higher Volume Fly Ash Concrete with Acceptable Performance (PDF)
August 2008  (Final Report)

What Slump Is It? (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, July/August 2008

A Quality Plan to Establish Your Company's Credibility (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Summer 2008

Concrete & Climate Change (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Summer 2008

The Guide to Specifying Concrete Performance (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Summer 2008

Sustainable High Performance Concrete Buildings (PDF)
ASCE Structural Engineering Congress, April 2008

Specifying Fly Ash for Use in Concrete (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2008

Changing the Way Concrete is Ordered in ASTM C 94 (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2008

Qualification of Plant Inspectors (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2008

Crushed, Returned Concrete as Aggregates for New Concrete (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Winter 2008

Using Pervious Concrete to Earn LEED Points (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Winter 2008

A World of Opportunity: NRMCA Pervious Concrete Contractor Certification (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Winter 2008


Well Graded Aggregates and Concrete Performance (PDF)
Concrete International, March 2008



Effect of Continuous (Well-Graded) Combined Aggregate Grading on Concrete Performance, Phase A: Aggregate Voids Content (Packing Density)  (PDF)
NRMCA Research Laboratory, May 2007

Effect of Continuous (Well-Graded) Combined Aggregate Grading on Concrete Performance, Phase B: Concrete Performance (PDF)
NRMCA Research Laboratory, May 2007

Fire Resistance of Concrete Structures (Part 1) (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Winter 2007

Fire Resistance of Concrete Structures (Part 2) (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2007

Judging Concrete Quality (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2007

Specifying Concrete for High Performance (PDF)
Structural Engineer, September 2007

Evaluation of In-Place Strength of High Volume Fly Ash Concrete (PDF)
Proceedings of the First International Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology, September 2007, Washington D.C.

Pervious Concrete for Sustainable Development (PDF)
Proceedings of the First International Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology, September 2007, Washington, D.C.

Concrete Quality Control: The Untapped Profit Center (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2007

Crushed Returned Concrete as Aggregates for New Concrete (PDF)
Report to the RMC Research & Education Foundation, September 2007

AASHTO and ASTM Move Toward Harmonizing Standards for Portland Cement (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Summer 2007

Acceptance Criteria for Durability Tests (PDF)
Concrete International, May 2007

New Perspective on Concrete Durability (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2007

Utilizing Thermal Mass in Residential Concrete to Reduce Energy Demand (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2007



Performance Specifications for Durable Concrete (PDF)
Concrete International, September 2006

Economics of Lithium Technology for ASR Control vs. Alternatives (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2006

The Impact of Fly Ash on Air-Entrained Concrete (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2006

Making Pervious Concrete Placement Easy by Using a Novel Admixture System (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2006

Ready Mixed Concrete Plant Certification: A Mark of Quality (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2006

Interaction of Materials Used in Concrete (PDF)
Concrete International, April 2006

Performance-Based Specifications: Why Wait? Act Now (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2006

Performance-Based Specifications for Concrete (PDF)
AEI Conference, March 2006

QA/QC Testing for Concrete in Harsh Environments (PDF)
AEI Conference, March 2006

High Performance Concrete: Enhancement Through Internal Curing (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Winter 2006

Control Charts: An Important Tool in Quality Control to Save Money (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Winter 2006

3000 and 0.40 Is Not 3000! (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Summer 2006

Specifying Concrete Durability: Performance-Based Criteria Offer Best Solutions (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Winter 2006

Experimental Case Study Demonstrating the Advantages of Performance Specifications (PDF)
Report to the RMC Research & Education Foundation, January 2006


Effects of Aggregate Grading on Drying Shrinkage of Florida Concretes in Concrete International,” March 2005 (PDF)


"Effects on Non-Standard Curing on Strength of Concrete - A Research Project at the NRMCA Research Laboratory" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Winter 2005


"The Influence of Ultrafine Fly Ash on the Early Age Response and the Shrinkage Cracking Potential of Concrete"
ASCE, Volume 17, Number 1, January/February 2005


"Laboratory Demonstration of Advantages of Performance Specifications" (PDF)
Indian Concrete Journal, December 2005

"Performance-Based Specifications for Concrete" (PDF)
Indian Concrete Journal, December 2005

"Experimental Case Study Demonstrating Advantages of Performance Specs" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Summer 2005

"Comments on Effects of Aggregate Grading on Drying Shrinkage of FL Concretes" (PDF)
Concrete International, March 2005

"Performance-Based Specifications for Concrete: A Focus on Innovation, Quality, and Customer Satisfaction" (PDF) STRUCTURE, April 2005

"Alkali Silica Reactions" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2005

"Significance and Tests of Concrete and Concrete Making Materials" (PDF)
Ready Mixed Concrete chapter in ASTM STP 169D, ASTM International, 2005

"User's Guide to ASTM Specification C 94 on Ready Mixed Concrete" 
Co-published by ASTM International and NRMCA, January 2005
Available for Purchase in Bookstore)

"Effects of Non-Standard Curing on Strength of Concrete" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Winter 2005

"Who’s Responsible for Concrete Performance?"
Concrete InFocus, Summer 2005

"Federal Government Develops Green Building Guide Specs" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2005



"Comments on Admixtures and Aggregates:  Key Elements in 'Athletic Concrete'" (PDF)
Concrete International, September 2004

"Understanding the LEED Credit for Recycled Content" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2004

"Establishing a Center for Concrete Research" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Fall 2004

"The P2P Initiative"
Concrete Monthly, July 2004

"Prescriptive Specifications versus Performance Specifications"
Concrete Monthly, July 2004

"A Concrete Connection to Quality: NRMCA Links Performance-Based Specifications to Customer Satisfaction" (PDF)
Construction News, June 2004

"Virtual Testing of Ready-Mixed Concrete" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2004



"Specifications and Submittals: Is a Change in Order?" (PDF)
Concrete International, April 2003

"Recycled Water in Ready Mixed Concrete Operations" (PDF)
Concrete InFocus, Spring 2003

“Properties of Concrete Containing Ultra Fine Fly Ash” (PDF)
ACI Materials Journal, V. 100, No. 5, September-October 2003


“HVFA Concrete – An Industry Perspective” (PDF)
Concrete International, V. 25, No. 8, pp. 49-54


“Alkali-Silica Reaction Mitigation: State of the Art and Recommendations”
ACI Materials Journal, V. 100, No. 4, July-August 2003


"Fly Ash Facts for Highway Engineers"
FHWA/EPA/ACAA Document No. FHWA-IF-03-019, June 2003


“Recent Developments and Case Studies of Ultra Fine Fly ash in Concrete", Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Management and Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs)
Tampa, FL, USA, 2003


“Use of High Volume Fly Ash Concrete in The Real World"
Proceedings: 15th International Symposium on Management and Use of CCPs, Tampa, 2003


“Stability Optimization and Performance of Self-Consolidating Concrete Made With Fly Ash”
Proceedings of First North American Conference on the Design and Use of Self-Consolidating Concrete, Chicago, USA, November 12-13, 2002


“Benefits of Fly Ash in HPC”
HPC Bridge Views, No. 20, March/April 2002


“High Strength High Performance Concrete Containing Ultra Fine Fly Ash”
Proceedings of the Seventh CANMET/ACI International Conference on Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete, (Supp. V.), Chennai, India, 2001


“The influence of mineral admixtures on the rheology of cement paste and concrete” (PDF)
Cement and Concrete Research, V. 31, No. 2, February 2001


“Durability of Concrete Containing Fine Pozzolan”
Proceedings of the PCI/FHWA/FIB International Symposium on High Performance Concrete, Orlando, FL, 2000


“Properties of Concrete Containing Ultra Fine Fly Ash”
Proceedings Fifth CANMET/ACI International Conference on Durability of Concrete (Supp. V.), Barcelona, 2000


“Impact of Chemical Admixtures on Air Entrainment of High Performance Concrete” Proceedings of the International RILEM Conference, “The Role of Admixtures in High Performance Concrete”, Monterrey, Mexico, March 1999


“Bending Strength Variability of Plain and Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Materials”
Proceedings Fifth International Conference on Composites Engineering, Las Vegas, July 1998


"Reusing Non-Admixtured Returned Concrete" (PDF)
The Concrete Producer, September 1998

"Challenging ASR Predictive Testing" (PDF)
The Concrete Producer, March 1998

"Effect of Fiber Diameter Variation on Properties of Cement-Based Matrix Fiber Reinforced Composites”
Composites, Part B 27B, pp. 275-284, 1996


"The Reuse of Plastic Concrete Using Extended Set Retarding Admixtures" (PDF)
Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, September–October 1995


 “A Novel Technique for Fiber-Matrix Bond Strength Determination for Rupturing Fibers”

Cement and Concrete Composites, V. 17, No. 3, pp. 219-227, 1995


“Effect of Fiber Length Variation on Tensile Properties of Carbon-Fiber Cement Composites”
Composites Engineering, V. 4, No. 9, pp. 947-964, 1994


"Effect of Capping Materials and Procedures on the Measured Compressive Strength of High-Strength Concrete, Cement Concrete, and Aggregates" (PDF)
ASTM International, December 1994


“Fiber Reinforced Concrete – Properties and Applications: A State of Art”
Indian Concrete Institute, March 1991






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