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Building Types



Buildings and structures to be erected, altered or extended in height or area are classified in one of the five construction types defined below. The building elements have a fire-resistance rating not less than that specified in Table 601 and exterior walls shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that specified in Table 602 of the International Building Code.

Building Types per IBC Section 601

TYPE I-A--Fire Resistive Non-combustible (Commonly found in high-rise buildings).
3 Hr. Structural Frame 2 Hr. Floor/Ceiling Assembly 1 1⁄2 Hr. Roof Protection
TYPE I-B--Fire Resistive Non-Combustible (Commonly found in mid-rise office).

2 Hr. Structural Frame 2 Hr. Ceiling/Floor Separation 1 Hr. Ceiling/Roof Assembly

TYPE II-A--Protected Non-Combustible (Commonly found in school buildings).

1 Hr. Structural Frame 1 Hr. Floor/Ceiling/Roof Protection
TYPE II-B--Unprotected Non-Combustible (Most common type of non-combustible construction used in commercial buildings).

Building constructed of non-combustible materials but these materials have no fire resistance.

TYPE III-A--Protected Combustible (Also known as "ordinary" construction with brick or block walls and a wooden roof or floor assembly which is 1 hour fire protected).

2 Hr. Exterior Walls* 1 Hr. Structural Frame 1 Hr. Floor/Ceiling/Roof Protection
TYPE III-B--Unprotected Combustible (Also known as "ordinary" construction; has brick or block walls with a wooden roof or floor assembly which is not protected against fire. These buildings are frequently found in "warehouse" districts of older cities.)

2 Hr. Exterior Walls* No fire resistance for structural frame, floors, ceilings, or roofs.

TYPE IV--Heavy Timber (also known as "mill" construction; to qualify all wooden members must have a minimum nominal dimension of 8 inches.) CLT has already been approved as Type IV in last code cycle.

2 Hr. Exterior Walls* 1 Hr. Structural Frame or Heavy Timber
Heavy Timber Floor/Ceiling/Roof Assemblies

TYPE V-A--Protected Wood Frame (Commonly used in the construction of newer apartment buildings; there is no exposed wood visible.)

1 Hr. Exterior Walls 1 Hr. Structural Frame 1 Hr. Floor/Ceiling/Roof

TYPE V-B--Unprotected Wood Frame (Examples of Type V-N construction are single family homes and garages. They often have exposed wood so there is no fire resistance.)

For information regarding this program and code activities, contact Tien Peng.

 


 

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